Chanakya (c. 370–283 BCE) was an Indian teacher, philosopher and royal advisor.
Originally a professor of economics and political science at the ancient Takshashila University, Chanakya managed the
first Maurya emperor Chandragupta's rise to power at a young age. He is widely credited for having played an important
role in the establishment of the Maurya Empire, which was the first empire in archaeologically recorded history to
rule most of the Indian subcontinent. Chanakya served as the chief advisor to both Chandragupta and his son
Chanakya is traditionally identified as Kautilya or Vishnu Gupta, who authored the ancient Indian political treatise
called Artha??stra. As such, he is considered as the pioneer of the field of economics and political science in India, and
his work is thought of as an important precursor to Classical Economics. Chanakya is often called the "Indian
Machiavelli", although his works predate Machiavelli's by about 1,800 years.His works were lost near the end of the
Gupta dynasty and not rediscovered until 1915.
Chanakya’s birthplace is a matter of controversy, and there are multiple theories about his origin.