Adolf Hitler was born on 20 April 1889 in Braunau-am-Inn on the Austrian-German border. His father was a
customs official. Hitler left school at 16 with no qualifications and struggled to make a living as a painter in
Vienna. This was where many of his extreme political and racial ideas originated.
In 1913, he moved to Munich and, on the outbreak of World War One, enlisted in the German army, where he was
wounded and decorated. In 1919, he joined the fascist German Workers' Party (DAP). He played to the
resentments of right-wingers, promising extremist 'remedies' to Germany's post-war problems which he and many
others blamed on Jews and Bolsheviks. By 1921 he was the unquestioned leader of what was now the National
Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP or Nazi Party).
In 1923, Hitler attempted an unsuccessful armed uprising in Munich and was imprisoned for nine months, during
which time he dictated his book 'Mein Kampf' outlining his political ideology. On his release he began to rebuild
the Nazi Party and used new techniques of mass communication, backed up with violence, to get his message
across. Against a background of economic depression and political turmoil, the Nazis grew stronger and in the
1932 elections became the largest party in the German parliament. In January 1933, Hitler became chancellor
of a coalition government. He quickly took dictatorial powers and began to institute anti-Jewish laws. He also
began the process of German militarisation and territorial expansion that would eventually lead to World War
Two. He allied with Italy and later Japan to create the Axis.